One child policy

8 Mar

China has had a population policy since the late 1970’s to try and prevent rapid population growth. Commonly referred to as the ‘One child policy’ it allows certain benefits to people who have a single child. There have been some recent changes to the policy however that states if a parent is a single child, they are able to have two children. This is clearly a way to try prevent the problems of an aging population. These changes took place in november 2013.

 

The one child policy has led to a number of problems itself as a country. One major problem would be the lack of women in the country as Chinese tradition shows that boys are the preferred gender of children as they provide for the family where as girls would move away and provide for a different family. Therefore Chinese parents often abort girls, and because of the policy they want their only child to be a boy. This means there far more boys of working age than girls which leads to problems in itself. It is thought China has 32million more young men than women.

 

The one child policy works through the use of incentives to have reduced number of children. Among poorer families these incentives can be beneficial such as free child care provided by the government, and if the couple has more than one child these benefits are removed and they may even be forced to pay back what they have previously taken. Lack of siblings among children in China has also been put forward as a potential issue as young children can benefit from having siblings as they become able to deal with social situations as they are used to being around other children of similar ages.

 

Overall the one child policy has been effective in reducing the number of children born, however population is still increasing and expected to continue rising until 2050. At this point China will other problems such as a very aged population to deal with. 

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/04/10/chinas-population-laws-th_n_185626.html (date accessed 7/3/14)

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-25533339 (date accessed 7/3/14)

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-25035280 (date accessed 7/3/14)

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