China and Global Freedom

7 Mar

Using the analysis by Freedom House countries can be defined into three main categories; free, partly free and not free. A free country is one where there is a broad scope for open political competition, a climate for respect of civil liberties, significant independent civic life, and independent media. Partly free countries are characterized by some restrictions on political and civil liberties, often in a context of corruption, weak rule of law, ethnic strife, or civil war. A not free country is one where basic political rights are absent, and basic civil liberties are widely and systematically denied [Freedom House, 2014]

The CCP has a monopoly on political power, and its Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) sets government and party policy. In The CCP does not tolerate any form of organized opposition or independent political parties. Citizens who attempt to form opposition parties or advocate for democratic reforms have been sentenced to long prison terms in recent years. 2013, Chinese officials expanded the criminalization of online speech, confessions reminiscent of the Mao era reappeared on television screens, and police arrested dozens of activists who had advocated antigraft reforms. These features of Chinese rule, combined with a list of many others highlights why the country is not seen, by western commentators, to be free.

The importance of this, for global freedom is vast. The 2014 world findings indicated that 45% of all countries were considered free, 30% partly free and 25% not free. Perhaps more importantly, 40% of the globes population are perceived to be free, 25% partly free and 35% not free. The relevance of China here is that over half of the world’s “not free” population can be accounted to China.

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