Chinas military rise

9 Feb

In the analyses of the threat of the rising power of China, many realist pessimists dwell on the growth of the Chinese military posing a direct physical threat to the US. However liberal optimists note some modifying points which highlight the fragile significance of the spending as a factor posing a security dilemma to the US.
The anti-threat school, commonly defined as a general group that believe that China does not pose a security dilemma to the US, note that China spends a proportionately small amount on military compared to the US, which stands true in more recent figures, suggesting that Chinese military expenditure is around one seventh of the US (BBC, 2012). Furthermore the ‘military build-up’ can be seen as the process of modernization that states throughout the region and indeed the world have undertaken, and thus in that respect China are undergoing a routine modernization as a result of exceptional economic growth for which other states set the precedent for. (Roy, 1996) Moreover theorists such as Klintworth (1994) argue that a more powerful Chinese military will provide counterbalance in the region to that of Russia and Japan and thus in essence would ensure better regional security, therefore aiding the USA in avoiding conflict in the area, which suggests that the rising power of China provokes a security aid to the USA as opposed to a security dilemma.
The points suggested by liberal optimists numb the exaggeration made my realist pessimists that the rising power of the Chinese military poses a security dilemma to the USA. In fact it identifies that China is following a distinctive norm and that this norm will provide an aid to US security in the region thus improving relations between the two states therefore disseminating any tension. Ultimately this decreases any substance in the argument that China poses a security dilemma to the USA.

Bethany Archer

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One Response to “Chinas military rise”

  1. Dr. Hui-Chi Yeh February 9, 2014 at 3:54 pm #

    The Chinese government’s published 2012 military budget is about US$106.4 billion, the second largest in the world behind the US. But it’s military expenditure is only about 2% of GDP.

    You can find Military expenditure (% of GDP) on the World Bank website: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/MS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS

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