China’s economic growth and development as a “super rich” country, has drawn light to its lacking of human rights. Its perseverance as an authoritarian one-party state still imposes sharp curbs on freedom of expression, association, and religion. China rejects press freedom, with the majority of the press serving as propaganda for the countries positive attributes, paying little attention to negative aspects such as their environmental effect. Furthermore, China rejects human rights defenders, imposing severe punishment. There is an estimated 250-500 protests per day, ranging from 10 to 10,000 people, which are unauthorised by the one-party state, and can often occur in violence. Furthermore, domestic and international scrutiny of its human rights is deemed an attempt to impose “western values” upon its country, and is therefore ignored. The censorship of the internet has also been an uprising concern. Google has threatened to leave China due to their censorship leaving the population in the dark, degrading their human rights.
Chinas judicial system is also under significant amounts of scrutiny. China still imposes the death penalty, with 1,718 people executed in 2008. Furthermore, they are also known to hold unfair trial, with lack of access to lawyers and confessions through torture. “Re-education through labour” is also used for petty criminals, often without trial. These camps are not too dissimilar from world war camps in terms of their purpose, and are also known to have considerably harsh conditions.
The ongoing struggle with Tibet is also a clear violation of many other nations’ human rights. In 2008, China closed off Tibet to the outside world, shutting media and internet. Furthermore, it tried to deflect the attention, and turn it to show the Tibetans had turned against Chinese people living in Tibet. The use of excessive force to mute Tibetan issues, rather than dialogue has aided Tibetan support from the outside world, but with limits of outside involvement, there are limits to the positives in human rights that can occur, not only in Tibet, but also throughout mainland China.